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Prayer: Intention of Prayer (5 prayers)

Allah ﷻ has enjoined upon Muslims five prayers throughout the day and night and has specified the following times for them:


The Dawn Prayer (Salaat-ul-Fajr):
The first prayer which starts with the day is Fajr Prayer. Actually, Fajr is the Arabic word which means dawn. The time for this prayer starts at the beginning of dawn and remains till the sun rises. It includes 2 Rakat prayers which are Fard and 2 Rakats Sunnah.

Praying at the beginning of the day, lighten up your day. It gives you positive energy and guidance. It is challenging to wake up early in the morning for prayer, but early prayer is obligatory for all Muslims.


The Afternoon Prayer (Salaat-udh-Dhuhr):
After the first prayer, Muslims perform their second prayer which is Zuhr(Dhuhr). Its time starts when the sun declines towards the west from the middle of the sky.

Dhuhr prayers comprise of 4 Rakats of Sunnah, then 4 Rakat Farz prayers and 2 Rakat Sunnah and 2 Rakat Nafl is also included in Zuhr prayer.

It is important to offer your prayers at the time. In the Quran and Hadith, there are so many warnings for missing or delaying prayers.


The Late Afternoon Prayer (Salaat-ul-‛Asr):
After the Zuhr prayers, Muslims perform Asar prayers. It’s time that starts in the afternoon. It is the third obligatory prayer. This prayer comprises 4 Rakat Sunnah before offering 4 Rakat Fard prayers.


The Sunset Prayer (Salaat-ul-Maghrib):
It consists of three units; its time begins with sunset, that is when the sun disappears below the horizon and finishes with the disappearance of the red glow (evening twilight) in the western horizon.

The time for Maghrib prayer starts with the sunset. The time of prayers differs in the world. When the sun sets, the time of Maghrib prayers starts. This prayer comprises 3 Rakat.


The Late Evening Prayer (Salaat-ul-‛Ishaa’):
It consists of four units; its time begins when the twilight has completely faded away and lasts until midnight. It could be offered, however, a little before dawn, if need be, and the reason is acceptable in Islam.

A Muslim may use prayer timetables and does not have to find out if the prayer appointed time has become due by himself.

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